The home buying market can turn at any time

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We find ourselves already halfway through January, with the country covered in snow and experiencing proper winter temperatures. Real estate sales are in full swing, and I’d like to share some insights I’ve gathered so far.

It seems that the housing market has gained new momentum compared to the fall. Buyers are showing greater interest, and I have even experienced bidding rounds on several of the properties my clients are interested in. Real estate agents also report increasing activity, and although they sometimes tend to be overly optimistic, there seems to be a good amount of truth in their observations.

January traditionally sees a boost in real estate market activity. Additionally, we have reached the peak of the interest rate curve, and a decrease in interest rates is expected at the next change by the Norges Bank. When in 2024 this will happen is still unclear, but it at least provides potential homebuyers with predictability when planning their home purchase.

Throughout last fall, I spoke about being in a buyer’s market. There was a good supply of homes, low demand, cautious buyers, and falling prices. Despite this, the sales volume fell due to economic uncertainty. I am very uncertain about whether this strong buyer’s market will persist, but at the same time, some of the uncertainty factors have been cleared away.

Regardless, my advice is not to wait too long for your home purchase. We expect the market to turn around in 2024, but the timing is uncertain. Experience shows that changes happen quickly when they do occur, so it might be wise to start your home search early in the year.

We need to wait for the January figures to have a clearer understanding of the market direction, but these are my best assessments so far.

I wish you a continued fantastic start to the year. Feel free to contact me for a non-binding digital meeting regarding your home purchase. Together, we can plan a strategy to make the most of the market.

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Is it wise to buy a property that lacks approvals from the building authorities?

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Many properties for sale lack public approvals, such as the use of rooms for permanent residence or unapproved rental units. Is it wise to buy such a property?

If rooms or additions in a house are not approved, this should be specified in the sales material. Unfortunately, this information is not always clear and might be formulated in intricate ways. If you come across such formulations or phrases you don’t fully understand, it should raise a red flag. Are there unapproved rooms here? This often pertains to basement living rooms and similar spaces, which may lack approval due to small windows or not meeting safety requirements for escape routes and fire safety.

In the new regulations of the Sales Act and the prescribed condition reports that came into effect on January 1, 2022, these issues are addressed more explicitly, and illegalities are required to be disclosed, both by the real estate agent and the appraiser. However, the presentation and ease of detection vary widely, so it’s crucial to be vigilant and perhaps ask the real estate agent additional questions.

Unapproved rental units

Then there are rental units that are not approved but are still being rented out. Is it really that bad? The previous owner has been doing this for years without consequences. Yes, it can be problematic even if municipal building authorities are not enthusiastic about inspections. You could face fines of up to NOK 200,000. As the buyer, you assume all risks related to any illegalities in the property, including unapproved changes such as extensions, non-approved additions, and basement rooms for rent.

Whether the seller has informed about these illegalities or not doesn’t matter much. If you receive fines from the municipality, you will have to deal with the seller and possibly the property insurance company afterward.

It can also be dangerous to rent out rooms that are not approved for permanent residence. According to lawyer Morten Fæste, renting out parts of your own home requires approval from the municipality for the intended use. It’s not just illegal but can be directly hazardous. Rooms for permanent residence must meet stricter requirements for escape routes and fire safety than other rooms in the house.

The best scenario is to rectify the deficiency before sale

Ideally, the seller should address the issue before putting the property up for sale. However, this can take time and money, and sellers may choose to sell the property with illegalities instead. In theory, this should affect the price, but that is not always the case.

As a buyer’s advisor, I, like Consumer Authorities, would advise against buying a property with unapproved conditions. If you do, make sure you understand what the issues are, what it would cost to rectify and seek approval, and whether such approval could be obtained at all. And most importantly, ensure that the additional work and costs are reflected in the price you pay for the property.

Be especially cautious if you intend to use the unapproved rooms for rental purposes.

Why is it allowed to sell properties with unapproved rooms and additions?

Many in the real estate market, including myself, wonder why it’s legal to sell homes with unapproved rooms and additions. Could a rule not be implemented that all properties for sale must be 100% approved, period?

The reason is that building authorities do not have the capacity to inspect all homes, whether lived in or listed for sale.

In single-family homes that are not brand new, you will almost always find that changes have been made since the house was built. This is likely noted in the Condition Report from the Appraiser. Some changes can be significant and undesirable to assume the risk for. Other conditions may have less significance and can be lived with.

You should consult with me about this before placing a bid to avoid taking on unnecessary risks related to illegal conditions in the property.

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